职称英语

  • Goethe often did outdoor skating and s

    问题:[单选,材料题] Goethe often did outdoor skating and swimming.根据下列材料,请回答下面的题目Look After Your VoiceOften speakers, at a meeting experience dry mouths and ask for a glass of water. You can solve the problem by activating the saliva in your mouth. First gently bite the edges of your tongue with your teeth. Or, press your entire tongue to the bottom of your mouth and hold it there until the saliva flows. Or you can imagine that you are Slicing a big juicy lemon and sucking the juice.Before you begin your talk, be kind to your voice, Avoid milk or creamy drinks which dry your throat. Keep your throat wet by drinking a little sweetened warm tea or diluted fruit juice.If you sense that you are losing your voice, stop talking completely. In the meantime, do not even talk in a low voice. Save your voice for your health. You may feel foolish using paper to write notes, but the best thing you can do is to rest your voice. If it is necessary , perhaps you can get some advice from a professional singer.What about drinking alcohol to wet your throat? I advice you not to touch alcohol before speaking. The problem with alcohol is that one drink gives you a little confidence. The second drink gives you even more confidence. Finally you will feel all-powerful and you will feel you can do everything, but in fact your brain and your mouth do not work together properly. Save the alcohol until after you finish speaking.Perhaps you want to accept the advice, but you may wonder if you can ever change the habits of a lifetime. Of course you can. Goethe, who lived before indoor skating rinks or swimming pools, said, \"We learn to skate in the summer and swim in the winter\". Take this message to heart and give yourself time to develop your new habits. If you are willing to change, you will soon be able to say that you will never forget these techniques because they became a part of your body.To solve the problem of dry mouths, one is advised to take cool milk.A . RightB . WrongC . Not mentioned参考答案:C参考解析:文章没有提及。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • She seemed to have detected some anger

    问题:[单选] She seemed to have detected some anger in his voice.A . noticedB . heardC . realizedD . got参考答案:A参考解析:【解析】句意为:她似乎在他的声音中已经察觉到些许愤怒。detect“察觉,发现”,四个选项:notice“注意,通知”;hear“听,听到”;realize“认识到,意识到”;get“得到,变得”。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • She persevered in her ideas despite o

    问题:[单选] She persevered in her ideas despite obvious objections raised by friends.A . persisteDB . insistedC . resistedD . suggested参考答案:A参考解析:句意为:尽管朋友们提出明显反对意见,她仍是坚持己见。persevere和persist是同义词,用法也一样,后面都跟介诃in,汉语的解释是“坚持(做某事)”,insist的汉语解释也是“坚持”,但它后面要求跟介词0n,它所坚持的往往是一种立场、一种观点、一种方式。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 1
  • The word "eccentric" in the second par

    问题:[单选,材料题] The word \"eccentric\" in the second paragraph most probably means__________根据以下材料回答下面的题目:Academic MobilityScholars and students have always been great travelers. \"Academic mobility\" is now often stated as a fundamental necessity for economic and social progress in the world, but it is certainly nothing new. Serious students were always ready to go abroad in search of the most stimulating teachers and the most famous academies; in search of the purest philosophy, the most effective medicine, the likeliest road to gold.Mobility of this kind means also mobility of ideas, their transference across frontiers, their simultaneous impact upon many groups of people. The point of learning is to share it, whether with students or with colleagues; one presumes that only eccentrics have an interest in being credited with a startling discovery, or a new technique. It must also have been reassured to know that other people in other parts of the world were about to make the same discovery or were thinking along the same lines, and that one was not quite alone, confronted by inquisition, ridicule or neglect.In the twentieth century, and particularly in the last twenty years, the old footpaths of the wandering scholars have become vast highways. The vehicle which has made this possible has of course been the aero plane, making contact between scholars even in most distant places immediately feasible, and providing for the very rapid transmission of knowledge. Apart from the vehicle itself, it is fairly easy to identify the main factors which have brought about the recent explosion in academic movement. Some of these are purely quantitative and require no further mention: there are far more centers of leaming, and a far greater number of scholars and students.In addition, one must recognize the very considerable multiplication of disciplines, particularly in the sciences, which by widening the total area of advanced studies has produced an enormous number of specialists whose particular interests ale precisely defined. These people would work in some isolation if they were not able to keep in touch with similar isolated groups in other countries.It can be concluded from the passage that \"academic mobility\"__________A . a rather strange personB . a person of no exceptional abilityC . an ambitions personD . peculiar or unusual参考答案:A参考解析:【解析】词义推断题,“eccentric”出现的句子和上一句形成对比,通过比较,排除B、C选项,而D选项中的词为形容词,与“eccentric”在句中为名词不符,故确定答案为A。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • In the eyes of the author, what happen

    问题:[单选,材料题] In the eyes of the author, what happens to a scholar who shares his ideas with his colleagues?根据以下材料回答下面的题目:Academic MobilityScholars and students have always been great travelers. \"Academic mobility\" is now often stated as a fundamental necessity for economic and social progress in the world, but it is certainly nothing new. Serious students were always ready to go abroad in search of the most stimulating teachers and the most famous academies; in search of the purest philosophy, the most effective medicine, the likeliest road to gold.Mobility of this kind means also mobility of ideas, their transference across frontiers, their simultaneous impact upon many groups of people. The point of learning is to share it, whether with students or with colleagues; one presumes that only eccentrics have an interest in being credited with a startling discovery, or a new technique. It must also have been reassured to know that other people in other parts of the world were about to make the same discovery or were thinking along the same lines, and that one was not quite alone, confronted by inquisition, ridicule or neglect.In the twentieth century, and particularly in the last twenty years, the old footpaths of the wandering scholars have become vast highways. The vehicle which has made this possible has of course been the aero plane, making contact between scholars even in most distant places immediately feasible, and providing for the very rapid transmission of knowledge. Apart from the vehicle itself, it is fairly easy to identify the main factors which have brought about the recent explosion in academic movement. Some of these are purely quantitative and require no further mention: there are far more centers of leaming, and a far greater number of scholars and students.In addition, one must recognize the very considerable multiplication of disciplines, particularly in the sciences, which by widening the total area of advanced studies has produced an enormous number of specialists whose particular interests ale precisely defined. These people would work in some isolation if they were not able to keep in touch with similar isolated groups in other countries.It can be concluded from the passage that \"academic mobility\"__________A . He risks his ideas being stolenB . He gains recognition for his achievementC . He is considered as an eccentricD . He is credited with a startling discovery参考答案:B参考解析:【解析】观点推断题,文中第二段提到“The point of learning is to share it,whether with students or with colleagues”,本段最后一句提到“one was not quite alone”,当一位学者与其同事分享观点想法时,从而会得到其他人对他的成就的认可。而A选项文中完全未曾涉及过。C、D选项均为与其相反的对比结果,故均可排除。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • 根据以下材料回答{TSE}题:Benefited or HurtFor t

    问题:[单选] 根据以下材料回答题:Benefited or HurtFor the most part, it seems, workers in rich countries have little to fear from globalization, and a lot to gain. But is the same thing true for workers in poor countries? The answer is that they are even more likely than their rich country counterparts to benefit, because they have less to lose and more to gain. Orthodox economics takes an optimistic line on integration and the developing countries. Openness to foreign trade and investment should encourage capital to flow to poor economies. In the developing world, capital is scarce, so the returns on investment there should be higher than in the industrialized countries, where the best opportunities to make money by adding capital to labor have already been used up. If pool countries lower their barriers to trade and investment, the theory goes: rich foreigners wilt want to send over some of their capital.If this inflow of resources arrives in the form of loans or portfolio investment, it will supplement domestic savings and loosen the financial constraint on additional investment by local companies. If it arrives in the form of new foreign controlled operations, FDI, so much the better: this kind of capital brings technology and skills from abroad packaged along with it, with less financial risk as well. In either case, the addition to investmentought to push incomes up, partly by raising the demand for labor and partly by making labor more productive. This why workers in FDI receiving countries should be in an even better position to profit from integration than workers in FDI sending countries. Also, with or without inflows of foreign capital, the same static and dynamic gains from trade should apply in developing countries as in rich ones. This gain from trade logic often arouses suspicion, because the benefits seem to come from nowhere. Surely one side or the other must lose. Not so. The benefits that a rich country gets though trade do not come at the expense of its poor country trading partners, or vice versa. Recall that according to the theory, trade is a positive sum game. In all these transactions, sides exporters and importers, borrowers and lenders, shareholders and workers can gain.According to the passage, who may be reasonably afraid of the globalization?A . Workers in rich countriesB . Workers in poor countriesC . Both of themD . None of them参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】文章第一段中说明,“workers in rich countries have little to fear from globalization”和“they are ever more likely than their rich country counter parts to benefit”,可知穷国和富国的工人都会在全球化中得到很大的好处,因此都不必害怕全球化,D为正确选项。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • According to the passage, the recent g

    问题:[单选,材料题] According to the passage, the recent growth in air travel has meant that__________根据以下材料回答下面的题目:Academic MobilityScholars and students have always been great travelers. \"Academic mobility\" is now often stated as a fundamental necessity for economic and social progress in the world, but it is certainly nothing new. Serious students were always ready to go abroad in search of the most stimulating teachers and the most famous academies; in search of the purest philosophy, the most effective medicine, the likeliest road to gold.Mobility of this kind means also mobility of ideas, their transference across frontiers, their simultaneous impact upon many groups of people. The point of learning is to share it, whether with students or with colleagues; one presumes that only eccentrics have an interest in being credited with a startling discovery, or a new technique. It must also have been reassured to know that other people in other parts of the world were about to make the same discovery or were thinking along the same lines, and that one was not quite alone, confronted by inquisition, ridicule or neglect.In the twentieth century, and particularly in the last twenty years, the old footpaths of the wandering scholars have become vast highways. The vehicle which has made this possible has of course been the aero plane, making contact between scholars even in most distant places immediately feasible, and providing for the very rapid transmission of knowledge. Apart from the vehicle itself, it is fairly easy to identify the main factors which have brought about the recent explosion in academic movement. Some of these are purely quantitative and require no further mention: there are far more centers of leaming, and a far greater number of scholars and students.In addition, one must recognize the very considerable multiplication of disciplines, particularly in the sciences, which by widening the total area of advanced studies has produced an enormous number of specialists whose particular interests ale precisely defined. These people would work in some isolation if they were not able to keep in touch with similar isolated groups in other countries.It can be concluded from the passage that \"academic mobility\"__________A . travel around the world becomes realistic and affordableB . more students from remote areas can attend universitiesC . all kinds of information can be shared by more peopleD . scholars can meet each other more easily参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】事实细节题,第三段最后一句说“…the aeroplane,making contact between scholars even in most distant places immediately feasible…”,与选项D意思一致,文中还提到“providing for the very rapid transmission of knowledge”,但A、B、C项均不符合。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • Which of the following statements is

    问题:[单选,材料题] Which of the following statements is correct?根据以下材料回答下面的题目:Benefited or HurtFor the most part, it seems, workers in rich countries have little to fear from globalization, and a lot to gain. But is the same thing true for workers in poor countries? The answer is that they are even more likely than their rich country counterparts to benefit, because they have less to lose and more to gain. Orthodox economics takes an optimistic line on integration and the developing countries. Openness to foreign trade and investment should encourage capital to flow to poor economies. In the developing world, capital is scarce, so the returns on investment there should be higher than in the industrialized countries, where the best opportunities to make money by adding capital to labor have already been used up. If pool countries lower their barriers to trade and investment, the theory goes: rich foreigners wilt want to send over some of their capital.If this inflow of resources arrives in the form of loans or portfolio investment, it will supplement domestic savings and loosen the financial constraint on additional investment by local companies. If it arrives in the form of new foreign controlled operations, FDI, so much the better: this kind of capital brings technology and skills from abroad packaged along with it, with less financial risk as well. In either case, the addition to investmentought to push incomes up, partly by raising the demand for labor and partly by making labor more productive. This why workers in FDI receiving countries should be in an even better position to profit from integration than workers in FDI sending countries. Also, with or without inflows of foreign capital, the same static and dynamic gains from trade should apply in developing countries as in rich ones. This gain from trade logic often arouses suspicion, because the benefits seem to come from nowhere. Surely one side or the other must lose. Not so. The benefits that a rich country gets though trade do not come at the expense of its poor country trading partners, or vice versa. Recall that according to the theory, trade is a positive sum game. In all these transactions, sides exporters and importers, borrowers and lenders, shareholders and workers can gain.According to the passage, who may be reasonably afraid of the globalization?A . A rich country gets benefits through trade at the expense of its poor country trading partnersB . A poor country gets benefits through trade at the expense of its rich country trading partnersC . In trade one side or the other must lose because the benefits must come from somewhere.D . In trade it is possible for every part involved winning at the expense of nobody参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】最后一段中提及“The benefits that a rich country gets through trade do not come at the expense of its poor country trading partners or vice versa”,可排除A、B项。文中还提到“the benefits seem to come from nowhere.Surely one side or the other must lose.Not so”,可排除C项。从而确定D项。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • What can be the ultimate result of the

    问题:[单选,材料题] What can be the ultimate result of the inflow of the resources?根据以下材料回答下面的题目:Benefited or HurtFor the most part, it seems, workers in rich countries have little to fear from globalization, and a lot to gain. But is the same thing true for workers in poor countries? The answer is that they are even more likely than their rich country counterparts to benefit, because they have less to lose and more to gain. Orthodox economics takes an optimistic line on integration and the developing countries. Openness to foreign trade and investment should encourage capital to flow to poor economies. In the developing world, capital is scarce, so the returns on investment there should be higher than in the industrialized countries, where the best opportunities to make money by adding capital to labor have already been used up. If pool countries lower their barriers to trade and investment, the theory goes: rich foreigners wilt want to send over some of their capital.If this inflow of resources arrives in the form of loans or portfolio investment, it will supplement domestic savings and loosen the financial constraint on additional investment by local companies. If it arrives in the form of new foreign controlled operations, FDI, so much the better: this kind of capital brings technology and skills from abroad packaged along with it, with less financial risk as well. In either case, the addition to investmentought to push incomes up, partly by raising the demand for labor and partly by making labor more productive. This why workers in FDI receiving countries should be in an even better position to profit from integration than workers in FDI sending countries. Also, with or without inflows of foreign capital, the same static and dynamic gains from trade should apply in developing countries as in rich ones. This gain from trade logic often arouses suspicion, because the benefits seem to come from nowhere. Surely one side or the other must lose. Not so. The benefits that a rich country gets though trade do not come at the expense of its poor country trading partners, or vice versa. Recall that according to the theory, trade is a positive sum game. In all these transactions, sides exporters and importers, borrowers and lenders, shareholders and workers can gain.According to the passage, who may be reasonably afraid of the globalization?A . It will supplement domestic savingsB . It will loosen the financial constraintC . It will push incomes upD . It will bring technology and skills from abroad参考答案:C参考解析:【解析】文中第三段提出两种形式,由这段中的最后一句可知这两种形式的最终结果都是“push incomes up”,其他三项均为通向C的途径。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • 回答{TSE}题:Exercise Being Good or Ba

    问题:[单选] 回答题:Exercise Being Good or BadCan exercise be a bad thing? Sudden death during or soon after strenuous exertion on the squash court or on the army training grounds, is not unheard of. 51 trained marathon runners are not immune to fatal heart attacks. But no one knows just 52 common these sudden deaths linked to exercise are. The registration andinvestigation of such 53 is very patchy; only a national survey could determine the true 54 of sudden deaths in sports. But the climate of medical opinion is shifting in 55 of exercise, for the person recovering from a heart attack as 56 as the average lazy inpidual. Training can help the victim of a heart attack bylowering the 57 of oxygen the heart needs at any given level of work 58 the patient can do more before reaching the point where chest pains indicate a heart starved of oxygen. The question is, should middle-aged people, 59 .particular, be screened for signs of heart disease before 60 vigorous exercise?Most cases of sudden death in sport are caused by lethal arrhythmias in the beating of the heart, often in people 61 undiagnosed coronary heart disease. In North America 62 over 35 is advised to have a physical check-up and even an exercise electrocardiogram. The British, on the whole, think all this testing isunnecessary. Not many people die from exercise, 63 , and ECGs ( 心电图 ) are notoriously inaccurate. However, two medical cardiologists at the Victoria Infirmary in Glasgow, advocate screening by exercise ECG for people over 40, or younger people 64 at risk of developing coronary heart disease. Inpiduals showing a particular abnormality in their ECGs 65 , they say, a 10 to 20 times greater risk of subsequently developing signs of coronary heart disease, or of sudden death.第51题应选:A . ThenB . ThoughC . SinceD . Even参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】句意为:__________是受过训练的马拉松长跑运动员也不能避免致命的心脏病突发。四个选项:then“然后”;though“虽然”;since“自从,既然”;even“甚至,即使”。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • What can be the ultimate result of the

    问题:[单选,材料题] What can be the ultimate result of the inflow of the resources?根据以下材料回答下面的题目:Benefited or HurtFor the most part, it seems, workers in rich countries have little to fear from globalization, and a lot to gain. But is the same thing true for workers in poor countries? The answer is that they are even more likely than their rich country counterparts to benefit, because they have less to lose and more to gain. Orthodox economics takes an optimistic line on integration and the developing countries. Openness to foreign trade and investment should encourage capital to flow to poor economies. In the developing world, capital is scarce, so the returns on investment there should be higher than in the industrialized countries, where the best opportunities to make money by adding capital to labor have already been used up. If pool countries lower their barriers to trade and investment, the theory goes: rich foreigners wilt want to send over some of their capital.If this inflow of resources arrives in the form of loans or portfolio investment, it will supplement domestic savings and loosen the financial constraint on additional investment by local companies. If it arrives in the form of new foreign controlled operations, FDI, so much the better: this kind of capital brings technology and skills from abroad packaged along with it, with less financial risk as well. In either case, the addition to investmentought to push incomes up, partly by raising the demand for labor and partly by making labor more productive. This why workers in FDI receiving countries should be in an even better position to profit from integration than workers in FDI sending countries. Also, with or without inflows of foreign capital, the same static and dynamic gains from trade should apply in developing countries as in rich ones. This gain from trade logic often arouses suspicion, because the benefits seem to come from nowhere. Surely one side or the other must lose. Not so. The benefits that a rich country gets though trade do not come at the expense of its poor country trading partners, or vice versa. Recall that according to the theory, trade is a positive sum game. In all these transactions, sides exporters and importers, borrowers and lenders, shareholders and workers can gain.According to the passage, who may be reasonably afraid of the globalization?A . It will supplement domestic savingsB . It will loosen the financial constraintC . It will push incomes upD . It will bring technology and skills from abroad参考答案:C参考解析:【解析】文中第三段提出两种形式,由这段中的最后一句可知这两种形式的最终结果都是“push incomes up”,其他三项均为通向C的途径。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 1
  • 第55题应选:

    问题:[单选,材料题] 第55题应选:回答下面的题目:Exercise Being Good or BadCan exercise be a bad thing? Sudden death during or soon after strenuous exertion on the squash court or on the army training grounds, is not unheard of. 51 trained marathon runners are not immune to fatal heart attacks. But no one knows just 52 common these sudden deaths linked to exercise are. The registration andinvestigation of such 53 is very patchy; only a national survey could determine the true 54 of sudden deaths in sports. But the climate of medical opinion is shifting in 55 of exercise, for the person recovering from a heart attack as 56 as the average lazy inpidual. Training can help the victim of a heart attack bylowering the 57 of oxygen the heart needs at any given level of work 58 the patient can do more before reaching the point where chest pains indicate a heart starved of oxygen. The question is, should middle-aged people, 59 .particular, be screened for signs of heart disease before 60 vigorous exercise?Most cases of sudden death in sport are caused by lethal arrhythmias in the beating of the heart, often in people 61 undiagnosed coronary heart disease. In North America 62 over 35 is advised to have a physical check-up and even an exercise electrocardiogram. The British, on the whole, think all this testing isunnecessary. Not many people die from exercise, 63 , and ECGs ( 心电图 ) are notoriously inaccurate. However, two medical cardiologists at the Victoria Infirmary in Glasgow, advocate screening by exercise ECG for people over 40, or younger people 64 at risk of developing coronary heart disease. Inpiduals showing a particular abnormality in their ECGs 65 , they say, a 10 to 20 times greater risk of subsequently developing signs of coronary heart disease, or of sudden death.第51题应选:A . favorB . positiveC . inclinationD . indication参考答案:A参考解析:【解析】句意为:__________锻炼的意见正在转变。四个选项:favor“有利于”,短语in favor of“赞同,有利于”;positive“积极的”;inclination“爱好,意向,倾向”;indication“表明,迹象,象征”。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • 第58题应选:

    问题:[单选,材料题] 第58题应选:回答下面的题目:Exercise Being Good or BadCan exercise be a bad thing? Sudden death during or soon after strenuous exertion on the squash court or on the army training grounds, is not unheard of. 51 trained marathon runners are not immune to fatal heart attacks. But no one knows just 52 common these sudden deaths linked to exercise are. The registration andinvestigation of such 53 is very patchy; only a national survey could determine the true 54 of sudden deaths in sports. But the climate of medical opinion is shifting in 55 of exercise, for the person recovering from a heart attack as 56 as the average lazy inpidual. Training can help the victim of a heart attack bylowering the 57 of oxygen the heart needs at any given level of work 58 the patient can do more before reaching the point where chest pains indicate a heart starved of oxygen. The question is, should middle-aged people, 59 .particular, be screened for signs of heart disease before 60 vigorous exercise?Most cases of sudden death in sport are caused by lethal arrhythmias in the beating of the heart, often in people 61 undiagnosed coronary heart disease. In North America 62 over 35 is advised to have a physical check-up and even an exercise electrocardiogram. The British, on the whole, think all this testing isunnecessary. Not many people die from exercise, 63 , and ECGs ( 心电图 ) are notoriously inaccurate. However, two medical cardiologists at the Victoria Infirmary in Glasgow, advocate screening by exercise ECG for people over 40, or younger people 64 at risk of developing coronary heart disease. Inpiduals showing a particular abnormality in their ECGs 65 , they say, a 10 to 20 times greater risk of subsequently developing signs of coronary heart disease, or of sudden death.第51题应选:A . howeverB . becauseC . butD . so参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】句意为:__________病人能够做得更多。四个选项:however“不管怎样,无论如何”;because“因为”;but“但是”;so“因而,所以”。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • 第65题应选:

    问题:[单选,材料题] 第65题应选:回答下面的题目:Exercise Being Good or BadCan exercise be a bad thing? Sudden death during or soon after strenuous exertion on the squash court or on the army training grounds, is not unheard of. 51 trained marathon runners are not immune to fatal heart attacks. But no one knows just 52 common these sudden deaths linked to exercise are. The registration andinvestigation of such 53 is very patchy; only a national survey could determine the true 54 of sudden deaths in sports. But the climate of medical opinion is shifting in 55 of exercise, for the person recovering from a heart attack as 56 as the average lazy inpidual. Training can help the victim of a heart attack bylowering the 57 of oxygen the heart needs at any given level of work 58 the patient can do more before reaching the point where chest pains indicate a heart starved of oxygen. The question is, should middle-aged people, 59 .particular, be screened for signs of heart disease before 60 vigorous exercise?Most cases of sudden death in sport are caused by lethal arrhythmias in the beating of the heart, often in people 61 undiagnosed coronary heart disease. In North America 62 over 35 is advised to have a physical check-up and even an exercise electrocardiogram. The British, on the whole, think all this testing isunnecessary. Not many people die from exercise, 63 , and ECGs ( 心电图 ) are notoriously inaccurate. However, two medical cardiologists at the Victoria Infirmary in Glasgow, advocate screening by exercise ECG for people over 40, or younger people 64 at risk of developing coronary heart disease. Inpiduals showing a particular abnormality in their ECGs 65 , they say, a 10 to 20 times greater risk of subsequently developing signs of coronary heart disease, or of sudden death.第51题应选:A . havingB . hadC . having beenD . have参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】根据空格后时态可知,此处缺少一个一般现在时态的谓语动词,根据语法和句意,D项符合句意。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • 第60题应选:

    问题:[单选,材料题] 第60题应选:回答下面的题目:Exercise Being Good or BadCan exercise be a bad thing? Sudden death during or soon after strenuous exertion on the squash court or on the army training grounds, is not unheard of. 51 trained marathon runners are not immune to fatal heart attacks. But no one knows just 52 common these sudden deaths linked to exercise are. The registration andinvestigation of such 53 is very patchy; only a national survey could determine the true 54 of sudden deaths in sports. But the climate of medical opinion is shifting in 55 of exercise, for the person recovering from a heart attack as 56 as the average lazy inpidual. Training can help the victim of a heart attack bylowering the 57 of oxygen the heart needs at any given level of work 58 the patient can do more before reaching the point where chest pains indicate a heart starved of oxygen. The question is, should middle-aged people, 59 .particular, be screened for signs of heart disease before 60 vigorous exercise?Most cases of sudden death in sport are caused by lethal arrhythmias in the beating of the heart, often in people 61 undiagnosed coronary heart disease. In North America 62 over 35 is advised to have a physical check-up and even an exercise electrocardiogram. The British, on the whole, think all this testing isunnecessary. Not many people die from exercise, 63 , and ECGs ( 心电图 ) are notoriously inaccurate. However, two medical cardiologists at the Victoria Infirmary in Glasgow, advocate screening by exercise ECG for people over 40, or younger people 64 at risk of developing coronary heart disease. Inpiduals showing a particular abnormality in their ECGs 65 , they say, a 10 to 20 times greater risk of subsequently developing signs of coronary heart disease, or of sudden death.第51题应选:A . taking upB . trying onC . getting overD . doing with参考答案:A参考解析:【解析】句意为:在__________进行“剧烈”的锻炼之前。taking up“开始从事,专注于”;try on“试穿,耍花招”;get over“使度过,穿过”;do with“处理,对待”。
    职称英语 2021年12月5日 0
  • Paragraph 5__________

    问题:[单选,材料题] Paragraph 5__________回答下面的题目: The Supercomputer Network1. Recently ten laboratories run by governments in different parts of the world have become linked. Their computers have been connected so they can \"talk\" to each other. This may not seem very dramatic news, but it is the beginning of a development that will increase the power of the Internet tremendously.2. The Internet is an interconnected ( 互联 ) system of networks that connects computers round the world and facilitates the transmission and exchange of information. The way that you use the lnternet is by accessing this network. This depends on the power that your system allows you to use. The power of your computer is responsible for how fast you can download ( 下载 ) files, how much data you can store, etc. If your computer is old and slow, accessing the information can be very difficult.3. The new development in information technology has been called \"the grid\" (网络技术), and it will be a network of computers that are linked together. The \"grid\" will work in a different way from the Internet, enabling you to get the power of the biggest computers in the world on your computer. Accessing the information will no longer depend on the power of your computer. The idea is that while you accessinformation, you will also have access to the power of the bigger computer stations.4. One advantage of this revolutionary idea is that geographical location will become irrelevant. The \"grid\" will decide which are the best parts of a worldwide network to do the job you want. This means that you may be accessing a computer in Japan to solve a problem in Alaska.5. The \"grid\" can be compared to having an efficient personal assistant. You can give your assistant a task and \"he\" will do it for you. The assistant will do the preliminary research, collect the data, compare them and decide on the best course of action by accessing any of the computer centres in the \"grid\" that happen to have the relevant information. All you have to do is assign the task, sit back and wait.6. At present, possible applications of the \"grid\" in scientific research are being explored. While it has taken about fifteen years for Internet use to become widespread, experts believe that the \"grid\" could be up and running for private inpiduals far more quickly. Scientists working on \"grid\" projects are convinced that it will be as widely used as the web in the next ten years.Paragraph 2__________参考答案:C参考解析:【解析】第五段讲网格能成为我们的私人助手。只要给网格下任务,网格就能通过联网的计算机自动寻找解决方案。C.“just make a request”即表达了这一意思。故选C。
    职称英语 2021年12月4日 1
  • The etic approach is concerned with___

    问题:[单选,材料题] The etic approach is concerned with__________根据以下材料回答下面的题目:The Emic and Etic ApproachesResearchers who are unfamiliar with the cultural and ethnic groups they are studying must take extra precautions to shed any biases they bring with them from their own culture. For example, they must make sure they construct measures that are meaningful for each of the cultural or ethnic minority groups being studied.In conducting research on cultural and ethnic minority issues, investigators distinguish between the emic approach and the etic approach. In the emic approach, the goal is to describe behavior in one culture or ethnic group in terms that are meaningful and important to the people in that culture or ethnic group, without regard to other cultures or ethnic groups. In the eric approach, the goal is to describe behavior so that generalizations can be made across cultures. If researchers construct a questionnaire in an emic fashion, their concern is only thatthe questions are meaningful to the particular culture or ethnic group being studied. If, however, the researchers construct a questionnaire in an etic fashion, they want to include questions that reflect concepts familiar to all cultures involved.How might the emic and etic approaches be reflected in the study of family processes? In the emic approach, the researchers might choose to focus only on middle-class White families, without regard to whether the information obtained in the study can be generalized or is appropriate for ethnic minority groups. In a subsequent study, the researchers may decide to adopt an eric approach by studying not only middle-class White families, but also lower-income White families, Black American families, Spanish American families, and Asian American families. In studying ethnic minority families, the researchers would likely discover thatthe extended family is more frequently a support system in ethnic minority families than in White American families. If so, the emic approach would reveal a more different pattern of family interaction than would the etic approach, documenting that research with middle class White families cannot always be generalized to allethnic groups.According to the first paragraph, researchers unfamiliar with the target cultures are inclined to__________A . the general characteristics of minority familiesB . culture-related concepts of inpidual ethnic groupsC . features shared by various cultures or ethnic groupsD . the economic conditions of different types of families参考答案:C参考解析:【解析】第二段第三句和最后一句清楚地表明了“the eric approach”为什么样的研究目的服务。因此,C项为答案。
    职称英语 2021年12月4日 0
  • Compared with the etic approach, the e

    问题:[单选,材料题] Compared with the etic approach, the emic approach is apparently more__________根据以下材料回答下面的题目:The Emic and Etic ApproachesResearchers who are unfamiliar with the cultural and ethnic groups they are studying must take extra precautions to shed any biases they bring with them from their own culture. For example, they must make sure they construct measures that are meaningful for each of the cultural or ethnic minority groups being studied.In conducting research on cultural and ethnic minority issues, investigators distinguish between the emic approach and the etic approach. In the emic approach, the goal is to describe behavior in one culture or ethnic group in terms that are meaningful and important to the people in that culture or ethnic group, without regard to other cultures or ethnic groups. In the eric approach, the goal is to describe behavior so that generalizations can be made across cultures. If researchers construct a questionnaire in an emic fashion, their concern is only thatthe questions are meaningful to the particular culture or ethnic group being studied. If, however, the researchers construct a questionnaire in an etic fashion, they want to include questions that reflect concepts familiar to all cultures involved.How might the emic and etic approaches be reflected in the study of family processes? In the emic approach, the researchers might choose to focus only on middle-class White families, without regard to whether the information obtained in the study can be generalized or is appropriate for ethnic minority groups. In a subsequent study, the researchers may decide to adopt an eric approach by studying not only middle-class White families, but also lower-income White families, Black American families, Spanish American families, and Asian American families. In studying ethnic minority families, the researchers would likely discover thatthe extended family is more frequently a support system in ethnic minority families than in White American families. If so, the emic approach would reveal a more different pattern of family interaction than would the etic approach, documenting that research with middle class White families cannot always be generalized to allethnic groups.According to the first paragraph, researchers unfamiliar with the target cultures are inclined to__________A . culturally interactiveB . culture-orientedC . culturally biasedD . culture-specific参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】第二段和第三段分别举例说明了“the emic approach”和“the etic approach”这两种研究方法的不同之处,读者能较为容易地做出正确判断。
    职称英语 2021年12月4日 0
  • Compared with the etic approach, the e

    问题:[单选,材料题] Compared with the etic approach, the emic approach is apparently more__________根据以下材料回答下面的题目:The Emic and Etic ApproachesResearchers who are unfamiliar with the cultural and ethnic groups they are studying must take extra precautions to shed any biases they bring with them from their own culture. For example, they must make sure they construct measures that are meaningful for each of the cultural or ethnic minority groups being studied.In conducting research on cultural and ethnic minority issues, investigators distinguish between the emic approach and the etic approach. In the emic approach, the goal is to describe behavior in one culture or ethnic group in terms that are meaningful and important to the people in that culture or ethnic group, without regard to other cultures or ethnic groups. In the eric approach, the goal is to describe behavior so that generalizations can be made across cultures. If researchers construct a questionnaire in an emic fashion, their concern is only thatthe questions are meaningful to the particular culture or ethnic group being studied. If, however, the researchers construct a questionnaire in an etic fashion, they want to include questions that reflect concepts familiar to all cultures involved.How might the emic and etic approaches be reflected in the study of family processes? In the emic approach, the researchers might choose to focus only on middle-class White families, without regard to whether the information obtained in the study can be generalized or is appropriate for ethnic minority groups. In a subsequent study, the researchers may decide to adopt an eric approach by studying not only middle-class White families, but also lower-income White families, Black American families, Spanish American families, and Asian American families. In studying ethnic minority families, the researchers would likely discover thatthe extended family is more frequently a support system in ethnic minority families than in White American families. If so, the emic approach would reveal a more different pattern of family interaction than would the etic approach, documenting that research with middle class White families cannot always be generalized to allethnic groups.According to the first paragraph, researchers unfamiliar with the target cultures are inclined to__________A . culturally interactiveB . culture-orientedC . culturally biasedD . culture-specific参考答案:D参考解析:【解析】第二段和第三段分别举例说明了“the emic approach”和“the etic approach”这两种研究方法的不同之处,读者能较为容易地做出正确判断。
    职称英语 2021年12月4日 0
  • 根据以下材料回答{TSE}题:Age DiscriminationBy t

    问题:[单选] 根据以下材料回答题:Age DiscriminationBy the year 2000 nearly half the workforce in Europe are over 40 and yet throughout Europe there is a deep ambivalence ( 犹豫 )-if not outright suspicion-towards the capabilities of older workers.Those over the age of 40 generally take longer to find new employment, but European governments have done little to protect their employment rights. Only Germany, with incentives to business to encourage the employment of older people, and France, with the introduction of legislation making it illegal to use age barriers in recruitment-or to make employees redundant because of their age done anything substantive to combat age discrimination.Yet even in these two countries, there has been no noticeable improvement in the lot of the older workers; indeed, in France, job advertisements flout ( 轻视,反对 ) the law openly by asking for applicants of a certain age. So, should France and Germany be tightening up their laws and should the rest of Europe follow suit?Bill Robbins, a careers consultant said, \"Legislation against age discrimination has been in existence for well over ten year in the U.S. and Canada, but has had no effect. Employers will always be able to find some reasons for turning down an older applicant without appearing to break the law.\"Ironically, it was governments which played a leading role in hardening business culture against older workers in the first place. In the late 1970s, many European countries were extremely concerned about the levels of youth unemployment, and France, Germany and Belgium even initiated incentive schemes for businesses to encourage older employees to take early retirement provided that younger trainees were taken on in their place. As more and more employees took early retirement, often willingly, a new, youth-oriented culture permeated business throughout most of Europe-even in those countries that had taken no active measures to promote it.Demographic ( 人口统计学的 ) trends mean that governments are now anxious to slow down the policy of early retirement as they realize that they simply do not have the funds to meet their pension promises. But reversing business attitudes is no easy matter. Dianah Worman a policy adviser said, \"There is a widely held belief that older people are less, adaptable and trainable. This is just not true: research has shown that differences in capability are as wide within age groups as they are between them.\"Which of the following words can best describe the European attitude to older workers?A . Dislike.B . Disapproval.C . Distrust.D . Disappointment.参考答案:C参考解析:【解析】从文章第一段可以看出欧洲人对年龄较大的工作者存在着不信任的态度,suspicion(怀疑)即是distrust(不信任)。
    职称英语 2021年12月4日 0